Author: Hans Rosling
|Factfulness (2018) is a fascinating book that discusses how our worldview and mental models have been distorted with the rise of new media, which ten human instincts cause erroneous thinking, and how we can learn to separate fact from fiction when forming our opinions. This is about the startling prevalence, power, and robustness of human stupidity. It sounds like an audacious claim, but it is supported by detailed analysis.|
The world is not that simple, and if you want to be informed about it, you need to master a lot of details. But most people don’t realize how complex the world is. Most people think water comes from a spring that the Earth is flat, that people are either good or evil, and that politicians are corrupt — even in their own country. Most people have a view of the world that is at odds with reality. We live in an era of over-reaction and over-simplification. People rarely have the patience for nuanced thinking; we’ve become used to instant gratification.
The world is facing more complex problems than ever before and we need new ways of thinking to solve them. This endeavor has already begun: a group of scientists, data experts, and philanthropists have joined forces and founded the charity “The truth about global development”. Their goal is to help people see the world as it is while rooting out the causes of some of the problems we face.
Take finance, for instance. In the early 2000s, banks were getting away with astronomical fees — and although everyone believed that fees were too high, no one knew how to put their finger on why. It was only when analysts started using a historical comparison that they realized the extent of the problem. So they looked back at previous banking crises. They saw that banks had forced savings and loans to merge with investment banks, and regulators had been asleep at the wheel. They saw that regulators didn’t require that risky loans be set aside in case they went sour. Let’s dive into the key lesson of Factfulness Summary.
Factfulness Summary Key Points
Our negativity instinct is so strong that it can make us substantially underestimate positive facts and outcomes
It’s not just negative stories that get our attention, either. Plenty of positive stories are ignored too. It’s not that we don’t believe them; it’s just that we don’t notice them, because we’re wired to focus on the negative. That’s thanks to our negativity bias. It’s an evolutionary trait that helps us avoid dangers and keep our attention focused on what matters. We have a negative instinct. It’s part of our survival mechanism. In prehistoric times, it made sense to be wary of the saber-toothed tiger and check that every leaf we ate wasn’t poisonous. But in the 21st century, it leads us astray. This might seem like an obvious example, but when you look into how many girls finish public school in all of the world’s low-income nations, you realize that your initial guess was incorrect.
For instance, the majority of low-income countries see at least 60 percent of their girls finish public school. This is unexpected, this is a positive and this is so much better than we think it is. And this is a perfect example of why being negative about the progress we’ve made makes us less optimistic overall. There are so many misconceptions about our world today. Global poverty is over, there are no more wars, our health and life expectancies have increased dramatically since the Industrial Revolution, and perhaps most disheartening of all, more people have a better quality of life today than have ever had before.
There is no concept between the Eastern and Western worlds
The concept of the “Eastern” and “Western” was coined in the 1890s during a time of intense imperialism. It eventually gathered wider currency in the 20th century, with influential books like The Decline of the West ridiculing the idea of continuities between classical and western cultures. The notion was reinforced in the late 1930s after the American writer Rebecca West visited the Balkans, where she felt that western culture was threatened by the native peoples.
The equator, also known as the equator, is not the East and West, but a circle that circles the Earth. As it revolves around the earth, the axis carries it toward the east. The sun, moon, planets, and stars all rise in the east. Therefore, if a planet faces the east, it will travel eastward. The social structure of the East is characterized by a certain image of human nature that emerges out of necessity. In Eastern Europe, the sixth cultural epoch is already in its preparatory stages.
Look at the world from different perspectives to see its reality
In the digital age, we have wider access to a diversity of perspectives and viewpoints than at any other time in human history. Yet, we seem to be moving even further into fragmented opinion bubbles, creating a black-and-white world out of a colorful reality. In today’s world, it’s easy to forget one of the most important and basic facts of life – we don’t know everything. What we’re currently doing to understand this fact is making fools of ourselves. Every day there’s another news article that says something like “this is the worst thing that can happen to your body” or “this food kills you in the most horrific way possible.
The problem with single-perspective thinking is that it leaves no room for growth. By exposing yourself to a variety of opinions, you can examine and learn about the world around you from many different angles. This isn’t just some simple philosophical exercise either. Thinking from multiple perspectives can help you become a better person, as well as make your life a lot more interesting. Diversity of viewpoints is what allows us to see the world as it is. It’s like a 3D projector that uses multiple perspectives to create a depth of field. The only thing that allows you to see the world as it is is to look at everything from multiple angles.
“Forming your worldview by relying on the media would be like forming your view about me by looking only at a picture of my foot.” -Hans Rosling
“The world cannot be understood without numbers. But the world cannot be understood with numbers alone.” –Hans Rosling
Factfulness Summary Review
This is the book that will help you fight your biases. The author wrote this book in such an easy way with many examples that will help you understand its key ideas more accurately as we have also included while writing this Factfulness summary. Highly recommended.
To whom I would recommend Factfulness Summary?
- Anyone who reads the news every day.
- Anyone who has negative instincts.
- Anyone who just focuses on one perspective.